Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)

Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) is the formation of a blood clot that develops in the deep venous system. DVT’s are most frequently formed in the lower extremities, although it can occur in the upper extremities as well as the pelvis, but it is much less common. DVT is an independent disease often mistaken with thrombophlebitis, which is a complication of chronic venous insufficiency.

Mechanisms of developing DVT belong to one of the three following factors:

Complications of DVT

Patients who have been diagnosed with DVT can experience painful symptoms impacting mobility and quality of life.

Short term complication of DVT can lead to a life-threatening condition called Pulmonary Embolism (PE). Pulmonary embolism is caused by the detachment (embolization) of a DVT that travels to the lungs. Collectively, DVT and PE are known as venous thromboembolism (VTE). It is estimated that in the United States, 900,000 people are affected by VTE’s yearly.

Long-term complication of DVT is Post-Thrombotic Syndrome (PTS). This is when the blood clot damages the small valves of the vein which are responsible for propelling the blood in the right direction. This damage results in chronic pain, swelling, heaviness, cramping, skin discoloration and formation of venous ulcers. PTS occurs in up to 60% of patients with a history of DVT

Risk Factors of DVT

Symptoms of DVT and PE

Although most DVT’s can be asymptomatic, common signs and symptoms of DVT include:

Common symptoms for PE include:

Treatment Options

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